Dorsopathy of the thoracic spine is a state which develops due to the age degenerative changes in the spine. At that changes which take place here are related the nucleus pulposus.
Even in early childhood the height of the disc of the spine decreases as a person is almost all the time in vertical position. When the organism is young and healthy, the discs will recover during one night, after getting enough water. In the morning when a person wakes up, his/her height may increase considerably, but during the day it will decrease again.
But capability of discs to recover their normal state decreases considerably when a person is older than 30 years. And in this case such state as dorsopathy is developing, it is much in evidence in the thoracic spine. It is considered that this particular department of the spinal column is the least mobile; it means that aging here is going more quickly than in other departments of the spine.
This disease starts from the chondrosis. More often this pathological state does not manifest itself by any particular symptoms or evidences, which can make the patient to go to a doctor. Usually the patient experiences some unpleasant sensations in the area of the thoracic spine, but they are not accompanied with some pain and more often they considered being the results of tiredness.
After some time the chondritis turns into its second stage. On this stage the symptoms of dorsopathy of the thoracic spine spread to other vertebrae, their bone base and joints, which are located between the vertebrae.
Connections between the vertebrae break and they are not fixed tightly to one another, and their pathological mobility can be a proof of this. Further development of the degenerative processes will lead soon to the decrease of height of such vertebrae, at that there will not be any gap between them for nerves and vessels, which are compressed. All this evokes pain and other unpleasant symptoms, which make the patient to consult a neuropathologist.
The third stage of the disease starts when the herniated disc is formed. They are formed when the full rupture of the fibrous ring occurred; it may happen during lifting heavy weights or because of some other heavy load on the spine.
On this stage pathological kythosis or pathological lordosis may occur, they occur when vertebrae are not kept in their normal position and they travel from each other. This particular moment is the initial stage of scoliosis, and at the same time it is one of the symptoms of the dorsopathy.
On the fourth stage there is a diagnosed and apparent scoliosis, which is usually treated by operative method.
If this pathological processes are not treated they will progress further, and it will lead in its turn very soon to damages of the central and peripheral nervous systems.
It is possible to recognize this disease according to the following symptoms:
- Constant and dull pain in the back.
- Increased pain after sudden load on the spine.
- Decrease of the motions range.
- Chest pain in the area of heart and other internal organs.
- Hypertrophy of the muscles.
- Reflexes reduction.
- Muscles weakness.
Having any of the above mentioned symptoms and evidences of the thoracic spine you should urgently apply to a doctor in order to avoid various possible complications, which cannot be easily cured.
At the beginning the treatment of the dorsopathy in the thoracic part of the spine is conservative. The following procedures may be useful for treatment at this stage:
- Movement therapy.
- Physical therapy.
- Manual therapy.
- Back traction.
- Reflex therapy.
But not only these procedures should be applied in combination; they must be used together with medicines prescribed by the doctor.
On the advanced stages of the disease, for example, on the last stage of the scoliosis, these methods may be poorly performing, so in this case operative treatment will be more effective.